The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday approved the new education policy. With this, the Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed as Ministry of Education. Describing the decision as very important, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said that there had been no change in education policy for 34 years. He hoped that the countrymen would welcome it.
The committee headed by former Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chairman K Kasturirangan submitted a draft of the new education policy to Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank last year. It was during this time that Nishank took charge of the ministry. The draft of the new education policy was made public for the opinion of various parties and the ministry received more than two lakh suggestions on it.
The new education policy aims for “broad-based, flexible learning”. Institutions offering single streams (such as technical education) must be phased out, and all universities and colleges must focus on becoming multidisciplinary by 2030, the NEP proposed.
Key Takeaways on New Education Policy 2020
- According to the new education policy, board examinations will be based on the application of information.
- MPhil courses will be discontinued under the new National Education Policy.
- Major reforms in higher education include a target of 50 per cent gross enrollment ratio by 2035 and provision for multiple admissions / exits.
- In the multiple entry and exit system, certificate will be given after first year, diploma after second year and degree after three-four years.
- There will be only one regulator for higher education in the country. It will have separate verticals for approval and finance. This regulator will work on ‘Online Self Disclosure Based Transparent System’.
- All higher education institutions except law (law) and medical colleges will be run by the same regulator. There will be shared rules for private and public higher educational institutions.
- A four-year degree program can then do an MA and then a PhD directly without an MPhil.
- Govt expenditure on education to be increased to six percent of GDP as against 4.43 percent.
- NRF (National Research Foundation) will be brought here on the lines of NSF (National Science Foundation) of America. This will include Science as well as Social Science
The education policy which is currently in force in our country was formulated in the year 1986. It was revised in 1992. The issue of bringing a new education policy was included in the election manifesto of the Bharatiya Janata Party before the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The experts who drafted it also considered the report prepared by a committee headed by former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian.
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